Organic Compounds – Examples

Studying many organic compounds examples has shown us that any chemical compound that contains carbon molecules in its composition is an organic compound. There is even a special branch of chemistry (known as organic chemistry) that is solely dedicated to the study of various organic compounds examples. The distinction between organic compounds and inorganic compounds is one that is shrouded in a bit of confusion, as there are some carbonates, allotropes of carbon, and some cyanides that cannot be called organic compounds even though they contain carbon molecules.

Now, an official definition of organic compounds does not exist, and this makes the distinction process even harder. Different scientific books often give differing definitions of organic compounds. Some books state that organic compounds contain C-H bonds, others state that they contain C-C bonds, and most books say that the simple presence of carbon makes a compound organic in nature.

Despite these differences, the examples of organic compounds remain the same in all these books. Once a compound has become known as an organic compound, this cannot be altered just like that.

What Are Organic Compounds Made Of
The modern definition and classification of organic compounds examples are very different from earlier studies. Today’s fairly broad definition that any compound containing carbon qualifies as organic compounds examples is not completely accurate, as there are several carbon containing alloys that do not figure in this list.

Apart from these alloys (like steel), there are other metal carbonates and carbonyls, simple carbon halides and sulfides and simple oxides of carbon and cyanides as well, that are known as inorganic compounds, even though carbon is a part of their composition. The older definitions of organic compounds (known as ‘vitalism’) were considered by scientists to originate from living processes, and this led to the name organic compounds. The primary reason for so much ambiguity is that carbon easily combines with many compounds to form molecular chains and rings, and as such there are millions of compounds that contain carbon in them. Read more about the different branches of chemistry.

Organic Compounds Examples
To list out all the organic compounds known to man is a very difficult task, so here you will find the most commonly known and seen organic compounds examples.

Alkanes

Methane
Ethane
Propane
Butane
Pentane
Hexane
Heptane
Octane
Nonane
Decane

Cycloalkanes

  • Cyclopropane
  • Cyclobutane
  • Cyclopentane
  • Cyclohexane
  • Cycloheptane

Here are some more organic compounds examples for you.

  • Acid anhydrides
  • Acyl halides
  • Alcohols
  • Aldehydes
  • Alkenes
  • Amides
  • Amines
  • Aromatics
  • Azo compounds
  • Carboxylic acids
  • Esters
  • Ethers
  • Haloalkanes
  • Imines
  • Ketones
  • Nitriles
  • Nitro compounds
  • Organometallic compounds
  • Phenols
  • Polymers
  • Thiols
  • Urea
  • Valium
  • Vitamins
  • Warfarin
  • Xylene
  • Xylose
  • Zingiberene

The wide use and application of organic compounds has made them very useful for the progress and development of mankind. These organic compounds examples have a variety of applications in our everyday lives, and it would be impossible to imagine life without them. Apart from forming the basis for many applications and products that we use, organic compounds are also the main constituent of all forms of life. Also see this glossary of chemistry terms and definitions to learn more.

Organic compounds examples can be classified as natural and synthetic organic compounds, and also on the basis of the many bonds that they are made up of. The study of organic chemistry is very vast and complicated, but ultimately very useful.

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