A branch of science which has one of the widest range of application is chemistry. Chemistry is the science of atoms and molecules, and focuses on their interaction with each other. Since everything is made up of atoms and molecules, the dominion of chemistry extends almost everywhere in the natural world. The question that has brought you here is what are the branches of chemistry. The answer will be found in the following lines. Chemistry and its branches can be divided into several more sub branches. I only list the main branches of chemistry in this article.
What are the Main Branches of Chemistry?
Every branch of science including physics, chemistry and biology study different aspects of nature. It is only for our personal convenience that we divide science into these branches. There is no boundary that divides these sciences. One cannot define where physics ends and chemistry begins or where chemistry ends and biology begins. Check out the extensive glossary of chemistry terms if you do not understand any of the concepts discussed below.
Similarly, the main branches of chemistry are not separated by boundaries of any kind. They are divided for convenience. Chemistry aims to explain the constitution and reactions of chemicals. According to subject and aspect of study, as well as applicability, it is conveniently divided into smaller branches. Here are the different branches of chemistry.
Inorganic chemistry studies all kinds of inorganic compounds. Another way of defining it would be that this branch deals with all the compounds that are not organic in nature. This includes the study of acids, bases and salts and many different types of inorganic chemicals. Properties of metals and non-metals, as well as their interactions are studied in detail. This is a vast branch of study which itself has several sub branches according to applications.
As opposed to inorganic chemistry, we have organic chemistry, which primarily deals with what could be called carbon based chemicals. Life on Earth is based on carbon and this branch is devoted to the study of organic compounds of all kinds. The study of the properties of carbon based compounds and their reactions is the primary line of attack of this chemistry branch. For more information refer to what is organic chemistry.
Where physics principles and chemistry overlap, you have physical chemistry. In this branch of chemistry, one is concerned with the physical aspects of chemical reactions and a study of their physical properties. This involves study of the rate of reaction, kinetics of the whole reaction, a study of the forces at work in a chemical reaction and many other such physical properties. It deals with all the physical changes that accompany chemical reactions.
What is analytical chemistry? This branch of chemistry deals with the quantitative analysis, qualitative analysis, identification and isolation of various chemicals. It is devoted to the development of methods and techniques that can identify chemicals and quantify them.
Nuclear chemistry is entirely devoted to the study of reactions of radioactive elements. This branch deals with the various reactions that occur when atoms are transmuted or decay into other elements. It is concerned with the study of radioactivity and deals with the application of radioactive isotopes in various medical, as well as industrial applications.
Biochemistry deals with the study of complex chemicals that make life possible. It is the study of all the complex compounds, including proteins, carbohydrates and other vital biological compounds. This includes a study of synthesis of proteins in living organism and the underlying mechanism that makes this possible. It deals with genetics and the mechanism that makes the transfer of genetic information possible. Biochemistry is the most interesting of all chemistry branches to work in. Check out some biochemistry facts.
Hope your query about what are the branches of chemistry has been satisfactorily answered. All of these branches deal with chemical interactions of matter in its various forms. They study the physical and chemical properties of matter in varying levels of complexity and for different purposes. Every chemical has some application in the industrial or the natural world. Right from the modern medicines to industrial chemicals, we are largely dependent on chemistry. If you have a zest for hands on science, you will love working in the field of chemistry.